According to new data released by Eurostat on Monday (March, 10), Bulgaria, Estonia and Sweden already met their renewable energy national goal for 2020.
The target to be reached for the EU28 is a share of 20 percent renewable energy use in gross final energy consumption, but national targets vary depending on countries’ starting points, renewable energy potential and economic performance. Targets for Bulgaria, Estonia and Sweden are 16 percent, 25 percent and 49 percent respectively.
The highest shares of renewable energy in final energy consumption in 2012 were found in Sweden (51 percent), Latvia (35.8 percent), Finland (34.3 percent) and Austria (32.1 percent).
In 2012 renewable sources (including solar thermal and photovoltaic energy, hydro, wind, geothermal energy and biomass) contributed 14.1 percent of gross final energy consumption in the EU28, compared with 8.3 percent in 2004. Since then, the share grew in all EU countries, with largest increases recorded in Sweden (from 38.7 percent in 2004 to 51.0percent in 2012), Denmark (from 14.5 percent to 26.0 percent), Austria (from 22.7 percent to 32.1 percent), Greece (from 7.2 percent to 15.1 pwercent) and Italy (from 5.7 percent to 13.5 percent).
Latest figures confirmed projections according to which the EU is on track to meet its 2020 renewables targets, with debate already focused on goals for 2030. In January the Commission disclosed its climate and energy package, including targets for GHG emission reduction, renewable energy and energy efficiency. In February the Parliament voted a resolution calling for more demanding commitments, especially on renewables and energy-saving measures.
The EU Council is expected to consider the framework in late March. According to Bloomberg, EU governments leaders are likely to postponed a final decision and to set an end-of-year deadline.