Saturday 6 December saw the opening of the first ever Multilateral Assessment (MA), aimed at engaging parties in evaluating developed countries’ mitigation efforts. Convened under the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) at COP20, this two-days exercise is the second step of a wider International Assessment and Review (IAR) process started in January 2014 with the technical review of the national reports submitted by developed countries.
The MA opened with presentations by the European Union and some Member States, including Italy, and continues on Monday 8 December with the contributions, inter alia, of the US and New Zealand. The remaining Annex I Parties will be assessed next year at SBI 42 (June 2015, Bonn) and at SBI 43 in Paris. The MA was applauded by parties as an important tool for enhancing accountability, transparency, and the sharing of national experiences. However, some of them –and the Brazilian delegation in particular- called for more interaction and discussion in the process, with the SBI chair endorsing this request.
In parallel, developing countries shared their experiences in moving towards low carbon development in the context of the COP 20 thematic day dedicated to NAMAs (Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action). Since the Bali Action Plan (2007) NAMAs have emerged as key voluntary policy tools for developing countries to address emission reductions, through initiatives which are specifically tailored to their socio-economic imperatives. The Day featured a series of presentations and poster exhibitions of NAMAS supported by national governments, international organizations, multi and national development banks, private sector and NGOs.
(Image: COP20 in Lima, Peru, Dec. 2. Photo credit: UNFCCC/Flickr)
Written by Elisa Calliari in Lima, Peru. In collaboration with Agenzia di Stampa Giovanile sulla Cooperazione allo Sviluppo, Sostenibilità Ambientale e Cambiamenti Climatici (Youth Press Agency on Climate Change, Development Cooperation and Sustainable Development).