What are they?
NAMAs consist in policies and actions that developing countries are required to adopt to reduce greenhouse gases. The term was developed through the 2007 United Nations Climate Change Conference and therefore adheres to the UNFCCC idea that countries have common, but differentiated responsibilities for reducing greenhouse gases. Effectively, NAMAs refers to any action that reduces emissions in developing countries that is prepared as part of a national government initiative. A NAMA can either be a large-scale national emissions strategy that is in line with national development goals or groups of smaller-scale actions to reduce emissions while meeting the national development goals. NAMAs are supported by technology, financing and capacity-building that come from the international community, and particularly from richer countries. They aim to achieve an emissions reduction relative to the “business as usual” emissions of 2020.
What actions have been taken?
The idea of NAMA was first used in the Bali Action Roadmap that stemmed from the 2007 UN Climate Change Conference mentioned above. In 2012, 50 countries submitted information about their planned NAMAs to the UNFCCC. The NAMA Registry provides a list of the NAMAs that have been created, are seeking support or have recently received support. The sustainable energy consultancy Ecofys also run a database that provides information on NAMAs.