INDC

INDC states for Intended Nationally Determined Contribution. It identifies the actions a national government intends to take under the Paris Agreement agreed in December 2015 at the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP21). INDCs are, therefore, the basis of post-2020 global emissions reduction commitments included in the climate agreement.

The acronym “INDC” was introduced at COP19 in Warsaw (in 2013).  The term “contributions” emerged as a compromise between “QUELRO – quantified emissions limitation and reduction objective” and “NAMAs – nationally appropriate mitigation actions” that in the Kyoto Protocol’s language and its follow up identify Annex I and non-Annex I emission reduction actions, respectively. INDCs indeed refer both to developed and developing countries’ plans.

In their INDCs (to be named NDCs, Nationally Determined Contributions, after the Agreement comes into force), UNFCCC Parties are requested to outline the steps they are taking/will take to reduce emissions at national level. According to negotiating developments in Lima (COP20), countries might also address other issues, such as undertakings in adaptation planning.

In order to facilitate works at COP21 in Paris, Parties were invited to communicate their INDC by the first quarter of 2015.

The list of submitted INDCs is publicated on the UNFCCC portal.

The table below summarizes the emission reduction targets contained in the submitted INCDs and is regularly updated [latest update: INDCs submitted by Dec 14, 2015 (160 Parties)]. More information about their aggreagate effect is included in the UNFCCC Synthesis report].

COUNTRY UNCONDITIONAL TARGET CONDITIONAL TARGET TARGET YEAR REFERENCE ADAPTATION MEASURES INCLUDED CONDITIONS FOR IMPLEMETATION /FINANCIAL SUPPORT REQUIRED USE OF INT. CREDITS
Afghanistan 13.6% 2030 BAU Yes Conditional on external support, quantified in USD 17.405 billion
(USD 10.785 billion for adaptation, USD 6.62 billion for mitigation)
N/A
Albania 11.5% 2030 BAU N/A Possible
Algeria 7% 22% 2030 BAU High end of the range conditional to support in terms of external financing, technology development &transfer and capacity building. N/A
Andorra 37% 2030 BAU N/A No
Angola 35% 50% 2030 2005 Yes USD 14.7 billion No
Antigua and Barbuda No quantified GHG target 50 MW of electricity from renewable sources 2030 2006 Yes International support for capacity building, technology transfer and   financial resources (est. 20 Million USD for adaptation + 220 Million USD mitigation) Possible
Argentina 15% 30% 2030 Upper bound of the range subject to: a) Adequate and predictable international financing; b) support for transfer, innovation and technology development; c) support for capacity building”. N/A
Armenia “Ecosystem neutral GHG emissions in 2050 (2.07 tons/per capita annual)” 2030 BAU “Support of adequate (necessary and sufficient) international financial, technological and capacity building assistance” Possible
Australia 26-28% 2030 2005 N/A N/A
Azerbaijan 35% 2030 1990 N/A N/A
Bahamas No quantified GHG target. Actions in the energy and forestry sectors 30% 2030 BAU Yes International support in the form of finance, investment, technology development and transfer and capacity-building (est. USD 900 million dollars for mitigation) “open to the consideration of market mechanisms”
Bahrain No quantified GHG target N/A N/A Yes The commitment “depends highly on the level of international support in means of implementation” N/A
Bangladesh 5% 15% 2030 BAU High end of the range conditional to “effective access to international climate finances” No
Barbados 23% 2030 2008 Conditional to external financing, technology development and transfer and capacity building Possible
Belarus 28% 2030 1990 N/A N/A
Belize Actions in the forestry and energy sectors (emission reduction by 24000 ktCO2e) 2033 BAU International support for finance, technology and capacity Possible
Benin (revised) 3.5%(16.4% of 21.4% emission reduction) 21.4% 2030 BAU 83.6% of the commitment is conditional to international assistance (estimated to USD 27,81 billion) No
Bhutan Bhutan intends to remain carbon neutral where emission of GHGs will not exceed carbon sequestration by our forests N/A N/A Financial and technical support from international climate mechanisms is required to sustain mitigation measures N/A
Bolivia Contribution to the vision of “holistic development” (concept of “Living Well in the context of climate change”) 2030 2010 Yes “Results and actions to mitigate and adapt can increase “[…] “through mechanisms of international cooperation in the framework of the Convention” N/A
Bosnia-Herzegovina 2% 23% 2030 BAU N/A Yes
Botswana 15% 2030 2010 Yes Achievement of the target is “a function of resource availability and   appropriate legal frameworks”. USD18.4 billion required, to be shared between government and international contribution. Yes
Brazil 43% 2030 2005 N/A Possible
Burkina Faso 6.6% 18.2% 2030 BAU Yes implementation costs of conditional projects estimated at USD 2.4 billion (USD 1.156 for adaptation) Yes
Burundi (revised) 3% 20% 2030 BAU Yes The higher end of the range is conditional to international support in terms of technical and financial assistance, technology transfer, the improvement of institutional means and capacity building (total est. USD 1,49 million) N/A
Cambodia 27% 2030 BAU Yes The target is “conditional upon the availability of support from the international community… in the form of financing, capacity building, and technology transfer” (estimated to USD 1.27 billions) Yes
Cameroon 32% 2035 2010 Conditional to support in terms of external financing, technology development and transfer and capacity building N/A
Canada 30% 2030 2005 N/A Possible
Cape Verde 100% of electric power from renewables 2025 N/A Dependent on technology support, capacity-building, business development and international climate finance N/A
Central African Republic (revised) 5% 25% 2030 2010 A reduction of 25% at 2050 “will be implemented thanks to international support in the sectors of land use change and forestry (LUCF), energy, agriculture, industrial processes and waste” The country “supports the inclusion of international market instruments, such as the CDM, in a post-2020 climate agreement”
Chad 18.2% 71% 2030 BAU The upper end target is conditional to international support (estimated total implementation cost of the INDC: 21.233 billion USD, “of which 17.920 will be used to achieve the conditional objectives”) N/A
Chile (revised) 30% per unit of GDP 35-45% per unit of GDP 2030 2007 Yes The upper bound of the range is conditional to international financial support (in the form of grants) Possible
China 60-65% per unit of GDP 2030 2005 N/A N/A
Colombia 20% 30% 2030 BAU The higher target is conditional to the provision of international support Possible
Comoros 84% 2030 BAU The target includes emissions from LULUCF and is conditional to the financial support from the international community (estimated to 90% of USD 375 million for mitigation + 300 million for adaptation) No
Congo 54% 2035 BAU The target is conditional to international support (estimated to EUR 5,14 billion) N/A
Cook Islands 38% emissions reduction in electricity sector 81% emissions reduction in electricity sector 2020 (cond. target)        2030 (uncond. Target) 2006 Yes External support N/A
Costa Rica 25% 2030 2012 Yes N/A Possible use of “international compensation units […] or, as well, within its Domestic Compensation Market.”
Côte d’Ivoire (revised) 28% 2030 BAU Conditional to external financing, technology development and transfer and capacity building Côte d’Ivoire supports the inclusion of carbon markets in a post-2020 global agreement
Cuba Continue to reduce GHG emissions 2030 N/A Yes International assistance in terms of climate finance and technology transfer and the reaching of a suitable agreement in Paris (estimated costs USD 4 billion dollars) N/A
Democratic Republic of Congo 17% 2030 2000 The target is conditional to “adequate support” in terms of financial resources, technology transfer and capacity building (estimated costs of implementation: USD12.54 bn) N/A
Djibouti (revised) 40% 60% 2030 BAU The high end of the range is conditional to additional funding (estimated USD 1.6 bn) from Green Climate Fund and and/or other sources of international support N/A
Dominica 44.7% 2030 2014 Yes “conditional upon receiving timely access to international climate change financing, technology development and transfer, and capacity building support” (estimated cost of adaptation USD 25 billion over five years) Use of market-based mechanisms “to promote energy conservation/efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the transport sector”
Dominican Republic 25% 2030 2010 The target is conditional to “favorable and predictable support, feasible climate finance mechanisms, and corrections to the failures of existing market mechanisms” N/A
Ecuador (revised) 20.4-25% 37.5-45.8% 2030 2025 Yes The upper bound of the range would be achieved under conditions of international financial support. N/A
Egypt To achieve “high CO2 mitigation levels” 2030 N/A Yes Financial contributions required for implementing the INDCs for both adaptation and mitigations estimated at 73.04 billion USD N/A (new national market for carbon trading)
El Salvador To boost energy efficiency and transition towards renewables; To limit emissions from transport sector N/A Yes Technical and financial support from public and private, new and additional sources of international development assistance N/A
Eritrea 39% further reduction 2030 BAU Further reductions are conditional on “external assistance”. N/A
Ethiopia 64% 2030 BAU “Full implementation is contingent upon an ambitious multilateral agreement being reached among Parties that enables Ethiopia to get international support and that stimulates investments.” N/A
EU 40% 2030 1990 N/A No
Fiji 10% (energy sector emissions) 30% (energy sector emissions) 2030 BAU Yes Conditional target to bemet with the availability of external funding amounting to USD 500 million Yes
Gabon 50% 2025 2000 No
Gambia 104 Gg CO2e from renewable energy sources + 330.5 Gg CO2 from afforestation 2030 BAU “Financial support from all sources will be needed for the implementation of thisINDC” Not for achieving the target (but Gambia welcomes the realization of international projects for environmental protection and the “continuation of CDM”)
Georgia 15% 25% (or 40% wrt 1990) 2030 BAU Yes Additional reduction up to 25% is conditional on “a global agreement addressing theimportance of technical cooperation, access   to low-cost financial   resources and technologytransfer. 15%
Ghana 15% 45% 2030 BAU The additional 30% reduction is conditional on external support which will “cover the full cost of implementing the mitigation action (finance, technology transfer, capacity building)”. 15%
Grenada 30% 2025 2010 N/A Possible
Guatemala 11.2% 22.6% 2030 2005 The higher target is conditional to the international financial and technical support. N/A
Guinea (revised) 13% 2030 1994 Yes The contribution is conditional upon the access to international support (USD 8,2 billion, of which 1,7 billion for adaptation and 6,5 for mitigation) Guinea supports the inclusion of the CDM in a post-2020 climate agreement
Guinea Equatorial 20% 2030 2010 Conditional to the prevision of “favorable and foreseeable” national and international support, the implementation of financial mechanisms, the “correction of existing market distortions”. N/A
Guinea-Bissau To remain a net sink of emissions 2030 N/A The contribution is “conditioned by financial, technological and capacity building assistance the country receives from abroad”(estimated total investment of USD 200 million) N/A
Guyana Up to 52Mt Co2 eq emission reduction, and 20% share of renewable energy of its total energy usage 2025 N/A ”Implementation of Guyana’s INDC is estimated at US$4.49B which comprises 0.6B for Forestry, 2.29B for energy and 1.6B for adaptation” ”Guyana does not foresee using this source at this time, but the door is open to use carbon markets in the future, subject to robust MRV systems to ensure environmental integrity”
Haiti 5% 26% 2030 BAU The upper end of the range is conditional to international support (USD 25,387 billion, of which 8,773 for mitigation and 16,614 for adaptation) Use of market instruments to accomplish “part of the conditional measures”
Honduras 15% 2030 BAU The target is conditional to an international financial and institutional support that should be “favorable and foreseeable”, and to the implementation of financial mechanisms N/A
Iceland “Fair share” of EU collective target 2030 1990 Precise commitment dependent on an agreement with the EU and its Member States and possibly other countries. N/A
India 33-35% per unit of GDP 2030 2005 “contingent upon an ambitious global agreement including additional means of implementation to be provided by developed country parties, technology transfer and capacity building” (assessment of international climate finance needs will be finalized later) N/A
Indonesia 29% 41% 2030 BAU Further emission reduction of 12% is conditional on international assistance, especially through “bilateral cooperation covering technology development and transfer, capacity building, payment for performance mechanisms, technical cooperation and access to financial resources”. Not for the unconditional pledge of 29% reduction
Iran 4% 12% 2030 BAU Yes “Subject to termination and non-existence of unjust sanctions, availability of international resources in the form of financial support and technology transfer, exchange of carbon credits, accessibility of bilateral or multilateral implementation mechanisms, transfer of clean technologies as well as capacity building” (USD 52,5 billion dollars) Yes
Iraq unavailable English version
Israel 26% 2030 2005 N/A N/A
Jamaica 7.80% 10% 2030 BAU Yes Financial and capacity support required No
Japan 26% 2030 2013 Use of the governmental Joint Crediting Mechanism Programs and other international contributions
Jordan 1.5% 14% 2030 BAU Upper bound conditional to availability of international financial aid (estimated at USD 5,157 million) and support to means of implementation. N/A
Kazakhstan 15% 25% 2030 1990 N/A N/A
Kenya 30% 2030 BAU Subject to international support in the form of finance, investment, technology development and transfer, and capacity building. Possible
Kiribati 12.8% 49% 2030 BAU Conditional target requires “a timely combination of capacity building, technology transfer, and financial   support, primarily in the form of grants. Possible
Kuwait unavailable English version
Kyrgyzstan 11-13% 30% 2030 BAU The upper bound is conditional to international support N/A
Lao Share of renewable energy to 30% of energy consumption 2025 N/A Requires technical and financial support as low interest loans to deliver the mitigation and adaptation actions “Lao will consider carbon credits as sources of financing for renewable energy projects and activities”
Lebanon 15% 30% 2030 BAU Upper bound implemented upon the provision of additional international support. “Lebanon does not exclude the possibility of making use of international market mechanisms to achieve its INDC targets”
Lesotho 10% 30% 2030 BAU High target conditional to international financial support, technology transfer and capacity-building. “Potentials for Landfill gas recovery and flaring though CDM Projects”
Liberia 10-15% 2030 2011 Requires availability of international financial resources, technology development and transfer, and capacity building. “Propose that CDM can be used to help finance certain low-carbon and climate-resilient infrastructure investments”
Liechtenstein 40% 2030 1990 Subject to the approval of the Liechtenstein Parliament Possible
Madagascar 14% 2030 BAU Conditional on international financial support. No
Malawi (revised) “Estimates suggest that between 14,000 and 16,000 Gg of CO2 eq. will be saved per year by 2030 if a robust low emission
development path is adopted”
N/A N/A Yes Conditional to external support in terms of capacity building, technology development and transfer, and financial resources. N/A
Malaysia 35% in emissions intensity of GDP 45% in emissions intensity of GDP N/A 2005 Yes “Upon receipt of climate finance, technology transfer and capacity building from developed countries” Possible
Maldives 10% 24% 2030 BAU The higher end of the target is conditional to support in terms of financial resources, technology transfer, capacity building N/A
Mali 33 628772 ktCO2e 84 937087 ktCO2e 2030 BAU The upper target is conditional to the availability of “human, material and technical means” provided both by Mali’s government and by its “bilateral and multilateral partners”(estimated to USD 1,062 billion for 2015-2020) N/A
Marshall Islands 32% indicative 45% 2025(1)     2030 (2) 2010 No
Mauritania 2.7% (12% of an overall target of 22.3%) 22.3% 2030 BAU 88% of the contribution is conditional on international support (estimated to USD 9.3 billion) Possible
Mauritius 30% 2030 BAU Yes Conditional to “over USD 1.5 billion” for mitigation measures in the form of finance, investment, technology development and transfer, and capacity-building N/A
Mexico 22% 36% 2030 BAU Yes The high end of the range is conditional on a global agreement addressing issues such as international carbon price, carbon border adjustments, technical cooperation, access to low- cost financial resources, and technology transfer Only for meeting the conditional goal
Micronesia 28% 35% 2020 2025 Financial support required No
Monaco 50% 2030 1990 (1995 for fluorinated gases, including NF3) N/A Possible
Mongolia 14% further reduction 2030 BAU “More ambitious commitments are contingent upon gaining access to new technologies and sources of finance through internationally agreed mechanisms and instruments” “Mongolia is interested in opportunities to access international climate funds namely the Green Climate Fund and in participation with crediting mechanisms”
Montenegro 30% 2030 1990 N/A Yes, provided for “effective accounting rules developed under the UNFCCC to ensure the environmental integrity of the mechanisms”
Morocco 13% 32% 2030 BAU The high end of the range is conditional on “gaining access to new sources of finance and enhanced support, compared to that received over the past years, within the context of a new legally-binding agreement under the auspices of the UNFCCC” N/A
Mozambique total reduction of about 76,5 MtCO2eq 2030 N/A Conditional on the provision of financial, technological and capacity building from the international community N/A
Myanmar “significant reductions in GHG emissions, but further analysis needed for quantification” 2030 N/A Support for capacity-building, technology development and transfer, and financial resources from the international community N/A
Namibia 8.9%(10% of an overall target of 89%) 89% 2030 BAU 90% of the contribution is conditional to external support in terms of technology transfer, capacity building and funding (estimated to USD 33 billion) No
Nauru “The unconditional contribution includes a secured funding of US$5 million for implementation of a 0.6 MW solar PV system “. “The key mitigation intervention is to replace a substantial part of the existing diesel generation with a large scale grid connected solar photovoltaic (PV) system”. 2030 2020 Yes The conditional mitigation contribution would require a total of “50 million USD including substantialtechnical, capacity building and logistical assistance due to the limited capacity on the island”. N/A
New Zealand 11% 2030 1990 Pending confirmation of the approaches to be taken in accounting for the land sector, and confirmation of access to carbon markets Yes
Niger (revised) 3.5% 34.6% 2030 BAU Yes The upper end of the range is conditional to international support in terms of financial aid, technical assistance and capacity building (estimated to USD 866,7 million) Possible
Nigeria 20% 45% N/A BAU Yes “international support, in the form of finance and investment, technology and capacity building” No
Niue 38% share of RE in electricity 80% share of RE in electricity N/A N/A Yes financial and capacity support required but not assessed No
Norway 40% 2030 1990 N/A Depending on the result of negotiations with the EU
Oman 2% 2030 BAU Yes Implementation conditional to “the assistance will be provided by the UNFCCC on finance, capacity building and transfer of technology.” N/A
Pakistan to “reduce its emissions after reaching peak levels… “ 2025 N/A No “…to the extent possible subject to affordability provision of international climate finance, transfer of technology and capacity building” N/A
Palau N/A 22% (energy sector) 2025 2005 “availability of partnership finance, technology supportand capacity development” No
Papua New Guinea Carbon-free electricity sector 2030 N/A Assistance for human resource development and institutional support, technology transfer and capacity building N/A
Paraguay 10% 20% 2030 BAU Financial institutional support required for the high-end target N/A
Peru 27% 30% 2030 BAU 10% of the target (30%) conditional to “the availability of international financing and the existence of favorable conditions” N/A
Philippines 70% 2030 BAU Conditioned on the extent of financial resources, including technology development and transfer, and capacity building N/A
Qatar Qatar “seeks to enhance the diversification of its economy away from hydrocarbon” 2030 N/A Yes N/A N/A
Republic of Macedonia 30% 36% 2030 BAU The high end of the range refers to a higher ambition scenario including improved and additional measures in energy supply, buildings and transport sectors Possible (once the definition of UNFCCC New Market Mechanism (NMM) and non-market approaches is agreed
Republic of Moldova 64-67% 78% 2030 1990 Upper bound conditional to “a global agreement addressing important topics including low-cost financial resources, technology transfer, and technical cooperation, accessible to all at a scale commensurate to the challenge of global climate change”. N/A
Russia 25-35% 2030 1990 Subject to the maximum possible account of absorbing capacity of forests; conditional upon a legally binding commitment by all emitters N/A
Rwanda “Emission reductions from projected emissions resulting from the deviation of BAU emissions for the year 2030″ 2030 BAU Conditional on availability of international support for finance, technology and capacity building” N/A
Saint Lucia 23% 2030 BAU Yes “external support is a prerequisite to achieving the emissions reduction targets” (USD 218 million dollars) “National level market-based instruments, such as cap-and-trade emission trading schemes and offsetting, are crucial to price carbon emissions and keep the costs of mitigation in Saint Lucia low”
St. Vincent and Grenadines 22% 2025 BAU Yes N/A “support to the inclusion of the International Carbon Markets and mechanisms such as the CDM in a post-2020 agreement on climate change “
Samoa 100% renewable energy for electricity generation 2025 N/A ”conditional on reaching the 100% renewable electricity generation target in 2017 and receiving international assistance to maintain this contribution through to 2025. Economy-wide emissions reduction conditional on external international assistance” N/A
San Marino 20% 2030 2005 N/A N/A
Sao Tome and Principe 24% 2030 2005 Yes Conditioned by financial support, technological support and capacity-building that the country will receive from abroad.(est. USD 59 million for mitigation) Possible
Saudi Arabia “to achieve mitigation co-benefits ambitions of up to 130 million tons of CO2eq avoided by 2030 annually” 2030 N/A Yes N/A N/A
Senegal 5% 21% 2030 BAU A further reduction of 16% is conditional on the support of the international community Not for achieving the reduction target
Serbia 9.8% 2030 1990 N/A N/A
Seychelles 29% 2030 BAU The pledge is conditional on international climate financing. N/A
Sierra Leone Maintain emission levels relatively Low (close to the world average of 7.58 MtCO2e) by 2035 or neutral by 2050;+25% per unit of GDP by 2050 wrt 1990 2035 or 2050 1990 Yes “Availability of international support that will come in the form of finance, investment, technology development and transfer, and capacity building”(est. USD 900 million). Yes
Singapore 36% per unit of GDP 2030 2005 N/A N/A
Solomon Islands 45% 2030 BAU The target is subject to: a) a post-2020 agreement reflecting Common but Differentiated Responsibilities; b) Access to international financing, capacity building and technology” (estimated total cost of USD 126,65 million) Possible
Somalia Somalia commits to implement 9 projects profile targeting key environmental challenges N/A N/A Yes N/A N/A
South Africa “South Africa is firmly committed to working with others to ensure temperature increases are kept well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels” 2030 2020 N/A N/A
South Korea 37% 2030 BAU N/A Partial use of international carbon credits, “in accordance with relevant rules and standards”
South Sudan “to realize a low carbon, climate-resilient development outcome” 2030 N/A Yes International assistance, in terms of climate finance, capacity building, technology transfer and support in developing a “knowledge platform”(est. total USD 50 billion dollars) Yes. Access to CDM and REDD+
Sri Lanka 7% 23% 2030 BAU Implementation of INDCs requires three pre-conditions: i) enhanced finance, ii) the right mix of access, affordability and scale of technologies, iii) proper institutional mechanisms on capacity building. Total estimate needs USD 420 million for adaptation (for the 2016-2025 period) N/A
Sudan “to ensure deviation from the current development trajectory to a low carbon development” 2030 BAU Yes INDCs dependent on various conditions, including: i) full implementation by developed countries of their commitments relating to finance, technology development and transfer and capacity-building, ii) reaching the long-term temperature goal below 2°C, iii) access to adequate, predictable and sustainable financial resources, including technology transfer and capacity-building. Total est. USD 12.88 billion (USD 1.2 billion for adaptation and 11.68 billion for mitigation). Possible
Suriname “stabilizing and minimizing deforestation and forest degradation” + to “establish a modern, efficient, affordable energy sector” to “maintain its high forest cover and low deforestation rate” + “measures […] to upgrade efficiency” in the energy sector 2025 N/A Yes Suriname will require financial support: US$3.492 billion (USD 2.492 for mitigation, USD 1 billion for adaptation) Possible
Swaziland doubling the share of renewable energies 2030 2010 The contribution is contingent upon the level of support received, in terms of capacity building, technical assistance, technology transfer, skills training and finance “Swaziland intends to sell emission reductions units through international and regional carbon markets and/or carbon pricing mechanisms”
Switzerland 50% 2030 1990 N/A Yes, up to 20% of the total reduction
Tajikistan 10 – 20% 25 – 35% 2030 1990 Yes Upper bound subject to new substantial international funding and technology transfer. N/A
Tanzania 10-20% 2030 BAU subject to international assistance in “improved research and systematic observations, improved climate change institutional capacity and coordination” (estimated to USD 60 billion) N/A
Thailand 20% 25% 2030 BAU the upper end target is “subject to adequate and enhanced access to technology development and transfer, financial resources and capacity building support through a balanced and ambitious global agreement under UNFCCC” Possible
Togo 31% 2030 BAU Yes USD 3.54 billion Possible
Trinidad and Tobago 30% in the public transportation sector – 15% in power generation, transportation and industrial sectors 15% of the target is conditional 2030 2013 The 15% target is conditional on international climate financing including through the Green Climate Fund N/A
Tunisia 13% 41% 2030 2010 The upper bound of the range is conditional on the support of the international community for funding (estimated USD 18 billion + 2 billion for adaptation), capacity building and technology transfer Yes
Turkey up to 21% 2030 BAU “Turkey will use domestic sources and receive international financial, technological, technical and capacity building support, including finance from the Green Climate Fund” Yes
Turkmenistan Stabilization of emissions 2030 2010 Conditional to international financial and technical assistance N/A
Tuvalu 60% (energy sector) Other sectors’ reduction N/A 2010 ” conditional upon the necessary technology andfinance” No
Uganda 6.6% (30% of the 22% reduction target) 22% 2030 BAU Yes ull implementation of these actions is conditional on the support of international community coming from both climate finance instruments and international market mechanisms. Total estimates: USD 5.74 billion for mitigation (“uncertain” costs) + USD 2.4 billion for adaptation.
Ukraine 40% 2030 1990 N/A Not for achieving the target
United Arab Emirates it “will pursue a portfolio of actions, including an increase of clean energy to 24% of the total energy mix” N/A Yes N/A
Uruguay To be a net sink of emissions further reduction 2030 N/A Additional mitigation actions can be implemented under conditions of external assistance N/A
USA 26-28% 2025 2005 N/A No
Vanuatu 30% for the energy sector 2030 Conditional to external assistance, in terms of financial resources, capacity building and technology transfer N/A
Venezuela 20% 2030 BAU Yes Conditional on developed countries to fulfill their commitments on climate finance, technology transfer and capacity building N/A
Viet Nam 8% 25% 2030 BAU The upper bound requires “bilateral and multilateral cooperation, and implementation of new mechanisms under the Global Climate Agreement” Yes
Yemen 1% 13% 2030 BAU Yes “significant support in terms of capacity building and technology development and transfer” +financial assistance N/A
Zambia 47% 2030 2010 “Conditional and subject to the availability of international support in form of finance, technology and capacity building” (estimated to USD 35 billion) Possible
Zimbabwe 33% 2030 BAU Subject to: a) full implementation by developed countries of their commitments relating to the Convention; b) a post-2020 agreement; c) contributions by developed countries relating to mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology development and transfer, capacity building Yes