Experts in Rabat say INDCs are unprecedented global effort but more ambition needed

Experts  from over 40 countries, gathered in Rabat, Morocco, for the INDC Forum, stated that the national climate plans for the Paris agreement are not sufficient to to keep global warming below 2°C, even though it demonstrate governments’ strong commitment to cut greenhouse gas emissions.

The Forum was organised by the European Commission, the Moroccan government, UNDP and UNEP to discuss the climate action plans (or INDCs) proposed by countries ahead of the climate conference in Paris this December (COP21). It closed on Tuesday (Oct. 13) and brought together around 200 participants, including Ministers, government officials, academic experts, private sector and civil society representatives.

So far, 149 countries, representing almost 90 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, have submitted their plans to the United Nations. On Nov. 1 UN agencies will release a synthesis report on the aggregate effect of INDCs submitted  by Oct. 1. Different studies have anticipated that  the 2°C objective will not be achieved without future additional mitigation efforts.

According to expert estimates, the proposed contributions mean that emissions would peak and start to decrease at global scale during the next decade. This represents progress, they said, but falls short of what is needed to put the world on the most cost-effective pathway to the below 2°C objective. Experts call for the recognition of the need for a long-term goal and a dynamic approach to address the initial shortfall in effort increases, as well as for a regular revision of global efforts and ambition.

According to EU release, the European Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy Miguel Arias Cañete said: “Countries have done serious work, approved at the highest political level, to design comprehensive climate strategies, many for the first time. This is unprecedented. The initial contributions on the table make a significant difference, but these alone will not be enough to keep global warming below 2 degrees. That’s why in Paris we need to agree a long-term goal to guide our efforts, a process for taking stock of the progress made and raising ambition, and robust transparency and accountability rules. The new deal must show to the world that governments are united, determined and serious when it comes to fighting climate change.”

The last session of UN climate talks before Paris will take place in Bonn from 19 to 23 October. INDCs and the draft text of the Paris agreement will be among the key issues on the table.


(Image: INDC Forum in Rabat, Morocco, Oct. 12-13, 2015. Photo credit: Miguel Arias Cañete Twitter account)