The EU Commission on Thursday (May, 8) launched a public consultation on possible carbon leakage provisions under the EU Emissions Trading System after 2020, focusing “on how many allowances should be dedicated to addressing the risk of carbon leakage post-2020 and what respective roles free allocation and support for industrial innovation should play”.
The online consultation accepts contributions from citizens, public authorities, and organizations. It will run until 31 July 2014 and it is linked to three stakeholders meeting scheduled in the coming months. The EU Commission planned the first meeting on 16 June 2014.
Eurostat indirectly addressed the issue in early estimates of EU CO2 emissions for the year 2013 released on Wednesday (May, 7), affirming that “it should […] be noted that imports and exports of energy products have an impact on CO2 emissions in the country where fossil fuels are burned”. According to Eurostat, in 2013 carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel combustion decreased by 2.5% in the EU28, compared with the previous year.
The EU statistical office calculated that from 2012 to 2013 CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion decreased in nearly all Member States, except Denmark (+6.8%), Estonia (+4.4%), Portugal (+3.6%), Germany (+2.0%), France (+0.6%) and Poland (+0.3%). The largest decreases were recorded in Cyprus (-14.7%), Romania (-14.6%), Spain (-12.6%), Slovenia (-12.0%), Bulgaria and Greece (both -10.2%).
The largest emitter within the EU bloc last year was Germany (760 million tons), followed by the United Kingdom (455 mn tons), France (346 mn tons), Italy (342 mn tons), Poland (290 mn tons), Spain (224 mn tons) and the Netherlands (162 mn tons). These seven Member States accounted together for 77% of total EU28 CO2 emissions in 2013, Eurostat says.
Fossil fuels combustion accounts for for around 80% of all EU greenhouse gas emissions and they are influenced by factors such as climate conditions, economic growth, size of the population, transport and industrial activities.