Mid-year UNFCCC meeting in Bonn, Germany, closed on Saturday (June, 15) in an “atmosphere of cooperation and positivity”. According to official release delegates made progress in delivering a draft text of the global climate treaty due in 2015 on schedule for COP 20 in Lima by the end of the year.After two weeks of talks started on June 4, around 1900 diplomats from 182 countries agreed that elements of the draft will be made available in July, in advance of the last Bonn round in October before COP 20.
The Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP) considered actions and policies implemented at national level and countries’ “national contributions” that will make up the future climate deal. Little progress was made on which countries should make the strictest contributions, but “governments showed new and higher levels of cooperation and positivity towards a meaningful agreement in Paris and the goal of limiting a global temperature rise to under 2 degrees Celsius”, said UNFCCC Executive Secretary Christiana Figueres, and they resumed commitments to submit their contributions well in advance of the 2015’s COP 21 in Paris.
With regard to ways and initiatives to raise pre-2020 ambitions, June talks focused on cities’ role in achieving both adaptation and mitigation goals and on smarter land-use.
Members of the IPCC attended the meeting to present policy implications of the latest threefold assessment report (whose condensed final part will be approved in late October), according to which deforestation and other ways of exploiting land account for almost a quarter of human-induced GHG emissions. At the next Bonn talks in October discussions will focus on non-CO2 gases and Carbon Capture, Use and Storage technologies.
In anticipation of further progress on a climate treaty expected to come into force in 2020 and to commit all countries to reduce GHG emissions, Figueres urged parties to the Kyoto Protocol to rapidly ratify the Doha Amendment adopted in 2012 in Doha, Qatar.
On Thursday (June, 12) Norway became the 11th country to formally accept the eight-year extension of the protocol, the only current legally binding emission reduction agreement whose first commitment period ended in 2012. In addition to Norway, only Bangladesh, Barbados, China, Honduras, Kenya, Mauritius, the Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Sudan and the United Arab Emirates have ratified the amendment so far.
Figueres said the ratification of a further 133 countries is needed to ensure that the second commitment period enters into force. Delegates of developing countries in Bonn also called on richer countries (who have obligations to cut their GHG emission under the protocol) to ratify the amendment and to increase their pledged level of emission reductions.