Viet Nam

Viet Nam

Geopolitical Informations

Capital
Hanoi
Population
89.71 million (2013)
Total area
331,210 km2

Main legislative bodies

  • National Assembly

Latest News

Japan widens bilateral carbon credits strategy to developing countries

Japan signed bilateral agreements with the Maldives and Vietnam that allow Japanese companies to earn carbon credits by launching emissions-reduction projects in the two developing countries. Japan has made an international pledge to cut GHG emissions to 25 percent below 1990 levels by 2020. Credits earned through the pacts are used towards meeting domestic CO2 read more…

Bipartisan vote extends California’s cap and trade programme until 2030

The two houses of the Californian parliament on (Monday, July 17) have passed the bill AB 397 with a supermajority to extend the state’s cap read more...

IN DEPTH: A tangled case – Turkey’s status under UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement

Despite joining the position of all G20 members except of the US to designate the Paris Agreement as “irreversible”, shortly after the summit in read more...

Climate Policy Facts

Emissions

Year Total GHG Emissions Excluding LUCF ( MtCO2e) Total GHG Emissions Excluding LUCF Per Capita ( tCO2e Per Capita) Total GHG Emissions Excluding LUCF Per GDP ( tCO2e / Million $ GDP)
1990 75.16 1.14 758.47
1991 78.07 1.16 743.44
1992 82.9 1.21 726.62
1993 90.06 1.29 730.47
1994 95.49 1.35 711.55
1995 102.68 1.43 698.54
1996 109.95 1.5 684.07
1997 119.14 1.6 685.38
1998 127.4 1.69 692.98
1999 131.62 1.72 683.28
2000 140.07 1.8 680.96
2001 148.79 1.89 681.16
2002 162.01 2.04 697.58
2003 169.91 2.11 684.36
2004 186.17 2.29 697.33
2005 197.48 2.4 687.77
2006 202.89 2.44 660.54
2007 215.19 2.56 653.95
2008 228.46 2.68 657.06
2009 245.59 2.85 670.15
2010 263.98 3.04 676.86
2011 274.23 3.12 661.85

The line chart shows the country’s carbon emissions by year, expressed in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent (MtCO2e) for emission totals, and in tonnes of CO2 equivalent (tCO2e) for per capita and per dollar of GDP values. It is based on data from CAIT platform provided by the World Resource Insititute, and updated regularly with the most recent data available.

By selecting or deselecting each item, you can compare or give prominence to particular emission trends.

 

Energy

Energy Source Production (ktoe) TPES (ktoe)
Coal 24646,076 14651,165
Oil 16030,162 18982,321
Natural Gas 8121,608 8121,608
Nuclear 0 0
Hydro 2369,3 2369,3
Geothermal 0 0
Solar Thermal 0 0
Solar Photovoltaics 0 0
Tide, Wave, Ocean 0 0
Wind 0 0
Biomass 14707,334 14707,334
Biofuels 0 0
Waste 0 0

The double-doughnut chart shows the country’s energy production and TPES (Total Primary Energy Supply), expressed in thousand tonnes of oil equivalent (ktoe). It is built on data from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development/International Energy Agency libraries, and updated regularly with the most recent data available.

The INNER RING represents the country’s energy production from each energy source, corresponding to the quantities of fuels extracted or produced.

The OUTER RING shows the country’s total primary energy supply of each fuel. It represents the net quantities of fuels made available on the domestic market, after foreign transfers and trading. According to IEA’s definition, TPES equals production plus imports minus exports minus international bunkers plus or minus stock changes.

Differences between production and TPES are significant as they highlight the actual country’s behaviour in the matter of a given energy source. Production values and TPES values of the same energy source may vary widely, especially in case of the much-traded fossil fuels.

 

National Policy

 

Page under construction.

 

 

International Policy

General features

 

Page under construction.

 

 

Negotiating position

 

Page under construction.