Geopolitical Informations

8.081 million (2013)
Total area
41,285 km2

Main legislative bodies

  • Federal Assembly

Latest News

EU and Switzerland finalize linking of their emissions trading schemes

The Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN) announced on Monday (Jan. 25th) that, after five years of negotiations, Switzerland and the European Union (EU) are now ready to link their emissions trading schemes (ETS). The agreement has been finalized by Jos Delbeke, Director General of the EU’s Directorate-General for Climate Action and the Swiss read more…

National contributions to 2015 climate agreement start coming with Switzerland and EU submissions

The European Union on Friday (March 6) submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution to the UNFCCC, achieving the second place in formalizing actions countries intend to take under a global climate agreement that all parties to UNFCCC are expected to put forth before the Paris conference later this year. Switzerland has become the first country read more…

SPECIAL COP23: the Bula spirit makes progress on Paris Agreement implementation

The 23rd session of the UNFCCC Conference of the Parties concluded its works on the early morning of Saturday 18th November, after that delegates read more...

Climate Policy Facts


Year Total GHG Emissions Excluding LUCF ( MtCO2e) Total GHG Emissions Excluding LUCF Per Capita ( tCO2e Per Capita) Total GHG Emissions Excluding LUCF Per GDP ( tCO2e / Million $ GDP)
1990 52.78 7.86 174.93
1991 54.73 8.05 183.08
1992 54.61 7.94 182.75
1993 52.12 7.51 174.64
1994 51.16 7.32 169.28
1995 51.83 7.36 170.67
1996 52.46 7.42 171.91
1997 51.05 7.20 163.93
1998 52.86 7.43 165.23
1999 52.87 7.40 163.00
2000 51.98 7.23 154.56
2001 52.99 7.33 155.64
2002 52.01 7.14 152.47
2003 53.23 7.25 156.02
2004 53.73 7.27 153.76
2005 54.27 7.30 151.22
2006 54.00 7.22 145.05
2007 52.07 6.90 134.69
2008 53.73 7.03 136.03
2009 52.37 6.76 135.21
2010 53.94 6.89 135.26
2011 49.95 6.31 123.06

The line chart shows the country’s carbon emissions by year, expressed in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent (MtCO2e) for emission totals, and in tonnes of CO2 equivalent (tCO2e) for per capita and per dollar of GDP values. It is based on data from CAIT platform provided by the World Resource Insititute, and updated regularly with the most recent data available.

By selecting or deselecting each item, you can compare or give prominence to particular emission trends.



Energy Source Production (ktoe) TPES (ktoe)
Coal 0 156,619
Oil 0 10028,744
Natural gas 0 2668,908
Nuclear 6991,593 6991,593
Hydro 2764,04 2764,04
Geothermal 319,514 319,514
Solar thermal 50,22 50,22
Solar photovoltaics 7,138 7,138
Tide, wave, ocean 0 0
Wind 3,182 3,182
Biomass 816,839 839,525
Biofuels 89,462 104,478
Waste 1358,174 1358,174

The double-doughnut chart shows the country’s energy production and TPES (Total Primary Energy Supply), expressed in thousand tonnes of oil equivalent (ktoe). It is built on data from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development/International Energy Agency libraries, and updated regularly with the most recent data available.

The INNER RING represents the country’s energy production from each energy source, corresponding to the quantities of fuels extracted or produced.

The OUTER RING shows the country’s total primary energy supply of each fuel. It represents the net quantities of fuels made available on the domestic market, after foreign transfers and trading. According to IEA’s definition, TPES equals production plus imports minus exports minus international bunkers plus or minus stock changes.

Differences between production and TPES are significant as they highlight the actual country’s behaviour in the matter of a given energy source. Production values and TPES values of the same energy source may vary widely, especially in case of the much-traded fossil fuels.


National Policy


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International Policy

General features


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Negotiating position


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