Geopolitical Informations

8.060 million (2013)
Total area
20,770 km2

Main legislative bodies

  • Knesset (Unicameral)

Latest News

China launches first phase of national ETS

Chinese government on Tuesday (Dec.19) released details about the start of the long-awaited national carbon trading scheme, Reuters reports. Once operational, China’s ETS will read more...

Macron’s climate finance rally to accelerate global response to climate change

On the two-year anniversary of the Paris climate Agreement, the French presidency organized an international summit to increase climate financing to accelerate efforts to read more...

FOCUS: Carbon Markets within and beyond the Paris deal

One of the key themes under discussion at COP23 was Article 6 of the Paris Agreement, which will allow Parties to voluntarily undertake cooperative read more...

Climate Policy Facts


Year Total GHG Emissions Excluding LUCF ( MtCO2e) Total GHG Emissions Excluding LUCF Per Capita ( tCO2e Per Capita) Total GHG Emissions Excluding LUCF Per GDP ( tCO2e / Million $ GDP)
1990 43.05 9.24 471.18
1991 44.32 8.96 450.47
1992 47.28 9.23 454.95
1993 52.04 9.89 474.4
1994 55.25 10.23 470.99
1995 59.57 10.74 476.66
1996 61.99 10.89 470.27
1997 64.63 11.07 474.26
1998 64.81 10.85 456.75
1999 66.7 10.89 454.85
2000 71.42 11.36 445.75
2001 72.01 11.18 450.44
2002 74.67 11.37 469.8
2003 76.59 11.45 474.68
2004 76.88 11.29 454.5
2005 74.81 10.79 421.4
2006 78.67 11.15 419.66
2007 81.32 11.33 405.72
2008 82.01 11.22 391.74
2009 81.72 10.92 385.56
2010 86.99 11.41 388.4
2011 87.03 11.21 371.61

The line chart shows the country’s carbon emissions by year, expressed in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent (MtCO2e) for emission totals, and in tonnes of CO2 equivalent (tCO2e) for per capita and per dollar of GDP values. It is based on data from CAIT platform provided by the World Resource Insititute, and updated regularly with the most recent data available.

By selecting or deselecting each item, you can compare or give prominence to particular emission trends.


Energy Source Production (ktoe) TPES (ktoe)
Coal 7247,068
Oil 36,694 11063,872
Natural gas 5309,943 5730,459
Hydro 2,838 2,838
Solar thermal 1100,152 1100,152
Solar photovoltaics 60,888 60,888
Tide, wave, ocean
Wind 0,516 0,516
Biomass 14,185 14,185
Biofuels 7,116 11,53
Waste 11,439 11,439

The double-doughnut chart shows the country’s energy production and TPES (Total Primary Energy Supply), expressed in thousand tonnes of oil equivalent (ktoe). It is built on data from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development/International Energy Agency libraries, and updated regularly with the most recent data available.

The INNER RING represents the country’s energy production from each energy source, corresponding to the quantities of fuels extracted or produced.

The OUTER RING shows the country’s total primary energy supply of each fuel. It represents the net quantities of fuels made available on the domestic market, after foreign transfers and trading. According to IEA’s definition, TPES equals production plus imports minus exports minus international bunkers plus or minus stock changes.

Differences between production and TPES are significant as they highlight the actual country’s behaviour in the matter of a given energy source. Production values and TPES values of the same energy source may vary widely, especially in case of the much-traded fossil fuels.

Energy data refers to year 2013.

National Policy

The Israeli Ministry of Environmental Protection is responsible for the climate policies, carried out at three levels: national, regional and local. Nationally, the Ministry creates the strategies and policies, while locally it supports 62 among environmental units and town associations, which are municipal organizations that deal with environmental issues. These units supply the national policies implementation and moreover constitute an advisory council for local authorities. They have specific monitoring duties: air monitoring in power plant areas, supervision over industries (emissions, waste and hazardous waste), environmental planning, business licensing, environmental education and agro-ecology.


GHG and Energy Efficiency Plan (2016)

The plan receives the government approval in April 2016. It provides an updated target of 26% GHG emission reduction by 2030 compared to 2005 levels, in line with the 2015 UNFCCC submitted targets for COP21 at Paris. It shows even sector specific targets:
-17% reduction in electricity consumption
-17% of electricity consumed from renewable energy
-20% shift from private to public transportation and use of compressed natural gas for heavy vehicles
Moreover, the government claimes an allocation of NIS 500 million (USD 132.8 million) of loans for companies which want to invest in energy efficiency, and NIS 300 million (USD 79.6 million) grants for companies and local government authorities that want to invest in energy efficiency projects.

Official info on the plan: Israeli Ministry of Environmental Protection’s website.

National Plan for the Reduction of GHG emissions in Israel (2010)

This plan was elaborated in 2010 with the goal target of a 20% reduction by 2020 in a “business as usual” scenario. The government established an allocation of NIS 2 billion for the timeframe 2011-2020 for mitigation actions. It addressed, among several measures, residential energy consumption cuts, green building, environmental education, development of green technologies. It included even a programme with NIS 106 million of subsides to fund projects which promoted GHG cutting. In 2013 it was frozen by the Ministry of Finance and only yet funded projects remained in place.


Israeli Ministry of Environmental Protection


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International Policy

General features

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Negotiating position

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