Chinese government on Tuesday (Dec.19) released details about the start of the long-awaited national carbon trading scheme, Reuters reports. Once operational, China’s ETS will read more...
|Year||Total GHG Emissions Excluding LUCF ( MtCO2e)||Total GHG Emissions Excluding LUCF Per Capita ( tCO2e Per Capita)||Total GHG Emissions Excluding LUCF Per GDP ( tCO2e / Million $ GDP)|
The line chart shows the country’s carbon emissions by year, expressed in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent (MtCO2e) for emission totals, and in tonnes of CO2 equivalent (tCO2e) for per capita and per dollar of GDP values. It is based on data from CAIT platform provided by the World Resource Insititute, and updated regularly with the most recent data available.
By selecting or deselecting each item, you can compare or give prominence to particular emission trends.
|Energy Source||Production (ktoe)||TPES (ktoe)|
|Tide, wave, ocean|
The double-doughnut chart shows the country’s energy production and TPES (Total Primary Energy Supply), expressed in thousand tonnes of oil equivalent (ktoe). It is built on data from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development/International Energy Agency libraries, and updated regularly with the most recent data available.
The INNER RING represents the country’s energy production from each energy source, corresponding to the quantities of fuels extracted or produced.
The OUTER RING shows the country’s total primary energy supply of each fuel. It represents the net quantities of fuels made available on the domestic market, after foreign transfers and trading. According to IEA’s definition, TPES equals production plus imports minus exports minus international bunkers plus or minus stock changes.
Differences between production and TPES are significant as they highlight the actual country’s behaviour in the matter of a given energy source. Production values and TPES values of the same energy source may vary widely, especially in case of the much-traded fossil fuels.
Energy data refers to year 2013.
The Israeli Ministry of Environmental Protection is responsible for the climate policies, carried out at three levels: national, regional and local. Nationally, the Ministry creates the strategies and policies, while locally it supports 62 among environmental units and town associations, which are municipal organizations that deal with environmental issues. These units supply the national policies implementation and moreover constitute an advisory council for local authorities. They have specific monitoring duties: air monitoring in power plant areas, supervision over industries (emissions, waste and hazardous waste), environmental planning, business licensing, environmental education and agro-ecology.
GHG and Energy Efficiency Plan (2016)
The plan receives the government approval in April 2016. It provides an updated target of 26% GHG emission reduction by 2030 compared to 2005 levels, in line with the 2015 UNFCCC submitted targets for COP21 at Paris. It shows even sector specific targets:
-17% reduction in electricity consumption
-17% of electricity consumed from renewable energy
-20% shift from private to public transportation and use of compressed natural gas for heavy vehicles
Moreover, the government claimes an allocation of NIS 500 million (USD 132.8 million) of loans for companies which want to invest in energy efficiency, and NIS 300 million (USD 79.6 million) grants for companies and local government authorities that want to invest in energy efficiency projects.
Official info on the plan: Israeli Ministry of Environmental Protection’s website.
This plan was elaborated in 2010 with the goal target of a 20% reduction by 2020 in a “business as usual” scenario. The government established an allocation of NIS 2 billion for the timeframe 2011-2020 for mitigation actions. It addressed, among several measures, residential energy consumption cuts, green building, environmental education, development of green technologies. It included even a programme with NIS 106 million of subsides to fund projects which promoted GHG cutting. In 2013 it was frozen by the Ministry of Finance and only yet funded projects remained in place.
Israeli Ministry of Environmental Protection www.sviva.gov.il
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