Finland

Finland

Geopolitical Informations

Capital
Helsinki
Population
5.439 million (2013)
Total area
338,424 km2

Main legislative bodies

  • Eduskunta (Unicameral Parliament)

Latest News

Canada, China, EU joint climate diplomacy emerges as US confirms exit from Paris deal

The governments of Canada, China, and the European Union on Saturday (Sept. 16)  convened a Ministerial Meeting on Climate Action  “to advance discussions on read more...

Key meeting in Montreal shapes the “most ambitious program” of IPCC

The 46th session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change closed on Sunday (Sept. 10) in Montreal. Hosted by the government of Canada, the read more...

France advances phase out of hydrocarbons production by 2040

French Minister of Ecological and Social Transition Nicolas Hulot on Wednesday (Sept. 6) presented a draft bill  to phase out oil and gas exploration read more...

Climate Policy Facts

Emissions

Year Total GHG Emissions Excluding LUCF ( MtCO2e) Total GHG Emissions Excluding LUCF Per Capita ( tCO2e Per Capita) Total GHG Emissions Excluding LUCF Per GDP ( tCO2e / Million $ GDP)
1990 73.82 14.81 530.76
1991 75.07 14.97 574.15
1992 72.75 14.43 576.5
1993 73.64 14.53 588.31
1994 80.2 15.76 618.14
1995 74.84 14.65 554.87
1996 80.73 15.75 577.9
1997 78.19 15.21 527.05
1998 74.71 14.5 479.45
1999 73.77 14.28 455.6
2000 72.74 14.05 426.51
2001 77.32 14.9 443.29
2002 79.38 15.26 446.86
2003 87.08 16.7 480.55
2004 82.58 15.8 437.7
2005 69.98 13.34 360.4
2006 81.53 15.48 402.11
2007 79.45 15.02 372
2008 71.78 13.51 335.12
2009 69.56 13.03 355.06
2010 77.66 14.48 383.51
2011 70.19 13.03 337.46

The line chart shows the country’s carbon emissions by year, expressed in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent (MtCO2e) for emission totals, and in tonnes of CO2 equivalent (tCO2e) for per capita and per dollar of GDP values. It is based on data from CAIT platform provided by the World Resource Insititute, and updated regularly with the most recent data available.

By selecting or deselecting each item, you can compare or give prominence to particular emission trends

 

Energy

Energy Source Production (ktoe) TPES (ktoe)
Coal 1537,869 4953,644
Oil 42 7243,264
Natural gas 2830,104
Nuclear 6151,867 6151,867
Hydro 1106,218 1106,218
Geothermal
Solar thermal 1,194 1,194
Solar photovoltaics 0,43 0,43
Tide, wave, ocean
Wind 66,822 66,822
Biomass 7730,028 7756,296
Biofuels 328,675 328,381
Waste 377,901 377,901

The double-doughnut chart shows the country’s energy production and TPES (Total Primary Energy Supply), expressed in thousand tonnes of oil equivalent (ktoe). It is built on data from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development/International Energy Agency libraries, and updated regularly with the most recent data available.

The INNER RING represents the country’s energy production from each energy source, corresponding to the quantities of fuels extracted or produced.

The OUTER RING shows the country’s total primary energy supply of each fuel. It represents the net quantities of fuels made available on the domestic market, after foreign transfers and trading. According to IEA’s definition, TPES equals production plus imports minus exports minus international bunkers plus or minus stock changes.

Differences between production and TPES are significant as they highlight the actual country’s behaviour in the matter of a given energy source. Production values and TPES values of the same energy source may vary widely, especially in case of the much-traded fossil fuels.

Energy data refers to year 2013.

National Policy

Page under construction.

International Policy

General features

Page under construction.

Negotiating position

Page under construction.