Estonia

Estonia

Geopolitical Informations

Capital
Tallinn
Population
1.318 million (2013)
Total area
45,227 km2

Main legislative bodies

  • Riigikogu (Unicameral Parliament)

Latest News

IN DEPTH: A tangled case – Turkey’s status under UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement

Despite joining the position of all G20 members except of the US to designate the Paris Agreement as “irreversible”, shortly after the summit in read more...

IMO takes a step forward to tackle GHG emissions from the shipping sector

The meeting of the Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) ended on Friday (July 7) in London.  According to IMO’s read more...

Paris deal is “irreversible” for G20 leaders, except for US

At the G20 summit in Hamburg, Germany, leaders of the 20 major economies have expressed their commitment to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and to read more...

Climate Policy Facts

Emissions

Energy

Energy Source Production (ktoe) TPES (ktoe)
Coal 62,816 65,205
Oil 3929,952 4809,08
Natural gas 550,789
Nuclear
Hydro 2,064 2,064
Geothermal
Solar thermal
Solar photovoltaics
Tide, wave, ocean
Wind 45,752 45,752
Biomass 940,609 708,114
Biofuels 7,212 11,053
Waste

The double-doughnut chart shows the country’s energy production and TPES (Total Primary Energy Supply), expressed in thousand tonnes of oil equivalent (ktoe). It is built on data from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development/International Energy Agency libraries, and updated regularly with the most recent data available.

The INNER RING represents the country’s energy production from each energy source, corresponding to the quantities of fuels extracted or produced.

The OUTER RING shows the country’s total primary energy supply of each fuel. It represents the net quantities of fuels made available on the domestic market, after foreign transfers and trading. According to IEA’s definition, TPES equals production plus imports minus exports minus international bunkers plus or minus stock changes.

Differences between production and TPES are significant as they highlight the actual country’s behaviour in the matter of a given energy source. Production values and TPES values of the same energy source may vary widely, especially in case of the much-traded fossil fuels.

Energy data refers to year 2013.

National Policy

Page under construction.

International Policy

General features

Page under construction.

Negotiating position

Page under construction.