Chile

Chile

Geopolitical Informations

Capital
Santiago
Population
17,619,708
Total area
756,096.3 km2
Average income
9,728

Latest News

Chile launches new national action plan on climate change

Chile launched its new national action plan on climate change for the period between 2017 and 2022, the “Plan de Acción Nacional de Cambio Climático 2017-2022” (PANCC-II). In July, the Chilean president Michelle Bachelet presented the document together with the Chilean minister for the environment, Marcelo Mena, and the Chilean minister for public works, Alberto read more…

Chile is first South American country to tax carbon

On Friday (Sept. 26) Chile’s President Michelle Bachelet enacted new environmental tax legislation that will make the country the first in South American to tax carbon dioxide emissions. Currently, 80% of Chile’s energy comes from fossil fuels. This tax aims to meet Chile’s voluntary target of reducing this fossil fuel dependence by 20% by 2020, read more…

Chile plans tax on CO2 emission from thermal power plants

Chile’s new government elected in early March on Tuesday unveiled plans to set a carbon tax aimed at reducing carbon emissions from thermoelectric power plants. Chile is the world’s leading country in copper production and many mines are powered by coal-fired thermoelectric plants. At UN climate summit in Copenhagen in 2009, Chile pledged to reduce read more…

Climate Policy Facts

Emissions

Year Total GHG Emissions Excluding LUCF ( MtCO2e) Total GHG Emissions Excluding LUCF Per Capita ( tCO2e Per Capita) Total GHG Emissions Excluding LUCF Per GDP ( tCO2e / Million $ GDP)
1990 48.37 3.66 398
1991 48.21 3.58 367
1992 51 3.75 348
1993 53 3.8 336
1994 57 4.07 346
1995 62 4.27 334
1996 68 4.64 343
1997 75 5.02 354
1998 76 5.04 348
1999 79 5.15 363
2000 73 4.77 326
2001 72 4.61 308
2002 73 4.64 308
2003 76 4.73 305
2004 81 4.98 306
2005 81 4.98 293
2006 83 5.05 287
2007 91 5.48 299
2008 93 5.52 295
2009 90 5.27 287
2010 94 5.49 285
2011 101 5.85 290

The line chart shows the country’s carbon emissions by year, expressed in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent (MtCO2e) for emission totals, and in tonnes of CO2 equivalent (tCO2e) for per capita and per dollar of GDP values. It is based on data from CAIT platform provided by the World Resource Insititute, and updated regularly with the most recent data available.

By selecting or deselecting each item, you can compare or give prominence to particular emission trends.

Energy

Energy Source Production (ktoe) TPES (ktoe)
Coal 1160,915 7448,125
Oil 503,529 15624,184
Natural gas 776,477 3920,657
Nuclear 0 0
Hydro 1720 1720
Geothermal 0 0
Solar thermal 20,298 20,298
Solar photovoltaics 0,43 0,43
Tide, wave, ocean 0 0
Wind 47,3 47,3
Biomass 9552 9480,36
Biofuels 6,686 17,721
Waste 2,03 2,03

The double-doughnut chart shows the country’s energy production and TPES (Total Primary Energy Supply), expressed in thousand tonnes of oil equivalent (ktoe). It is built on data from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development/International Energy Agency libraries, and updated regularly with the most recent data available.

The INNER RING represents the country’s energy production from each energy source, corresponding to the quantities of fuels extracted or produced.

The OUTER RING shows the country’s total primary energy supply of each fuel. It represents the net quantities of fuels made available on the domestic market, after foreign transfers and trading. According to IEA’s definition, TPES equals production plus imports minus exports minus international bunkers plus or minus stock changes.

Differences between production and TPES are significant as they highlight the actual country’s behaviour in the matter of a given energy source. Production values and TPES values of the same energy source may vary widely, especially in case of the much-traded fossil fuels.

Energy data refers to year 2013.

National Policy

In July 2017 Chile launched its new national action plan on climate change for the period between 2017 and 2022, the “Plan de Acción Nacional de Cambio Climático 2017-2022” (PANCC-II).  Chile’s PANCC-II is designed within the frameworks of the government programmes on climate change and the environment as well as with regard to the pledges made by Chile within the Paris agreement. It integrates the commitment (included in Chile’s NDC) to reduce national greenhouse gas emissions by 30 percent by 2030 (below 2007 levels), the funding of non-conventional renewable energies through the implementation of a law on energy efficiency, and the reforestation of around 100 thousand hectare of woodland, particularly native ones. The plan focuses on four themes of action: adaptation, mitigation, means of implementation, and climate change management on the regional and communal level. It highlights 16 general objectives and 30 lines of action, laid out in 96 specific measures. Measures include the periodic evaluation of the vulnerability of human and natural systems in face of climate change, establishing the risks and opportunities it presents, and the implementation of the climate change adaptation plan for biodiversity.

In July 2014 the Council of Ministers of Chile approves the Adaptation Plan to Climate Change in Biodiversity  as a result of the National Action Plan on Climate Change 2008-2012 (PANCC-I) the National Plan of Adaptation to climate Change (2014) and the National Biodiversity Strategy to 2020.

The National Environment Commission (CONAMA) issued in 2008 the National Climate Change Strategy and the National Action Plan on Climate Change 2008-2012, which includes, as one of its priorities, strategic lines analyzing the potential effects of climate change on biodiversity with focus on ecosystems and potentially more vulnerable species to potential changes in climate during the XXI century.

The National Biodiversity Strategy (NBS) (CONAMA, 2003), has among its key strategies: the conservation and restoration of ecosystems, species conservation and the creation of appropriate mechanisms for biodiversity management. Meanwhile, the Country Action Plan for the Implementation of the NBS (2005), emphasized the generation of synergies between actions to protect and restore biodiversity and mitigation and adaptation to climate change within the global targets for 2015.

Currently the country is seized with the task of updating its Biodiversity Policy taking into account the guidelines of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the goals set for that period, several of which are synergistic with the objectives of adaptation to climate change.

Currently Chile is involved in the task of updating its Biodiversity Policy taking into account the guidelines of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the goals set for that period, several of which are synergistic with the objectives of adaptation to climate change.

 

Sources:

Ministerio del Medio Ambiente de Chile, official website

International Policy

General features

Party to the UNFCCC:

  • date of signature: 13 June 1992
  • date of ratification: 22 December 1994
  • date of entry into force: 22 March 1995

Member of Kyoto protocol:

  • date of signature: 17 June 1998
  • date of ratification: 26 August 2002
  • date of entry into force: 16 February 2005

The Ministry of Environment presented in 2011 the 2nd National Communication to the UNFCCC Chile United Nations Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 3rd is being prepared for the 2016 Communication.

In the Rio + 20 Summit (June 2012), Chile confirmed its commitment to sustainable development in its three dimensions: economic, environmental and social, and in the XI. Conference of the Parties to the CBD –Convention on Biological Biodiversity- (December 2012), Chile reiterated its commitment to achieving the Aichi biodiversity, which were adopted as part of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 by the CBD Conference of the X. Parties in 2010.

NAMAS

Chile communicated that it will implement NAMAs in order to achieve a 20 per cent reduction below the ‘business as usual’ emissions growth trajectory in 2020, as projected from the year 2007, having as its main focus: Energy efficiency, renewable energy, and land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) measures.