Climate and energy actions in China’s SDGs implementation plan

In October China released its national plan to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The document explains how Chinese government intends to deal with SDGs targets, turning them into specifically developed action plans. The plan has been published on the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) after its announcement by China’s Premier Li Keqiang during the 71st UN General Assembly (UNGA) in New York, US, on 19 September 2016.

The 17 SDGs spectrum includes issues such as public health and well-being, economic growth and innovation, climate and disaster resilience, democratic governance and peace-building and require an integrated approach in order to be achieved.

With regard to energy targets (SDG 7), the Chinese plan is to improve urban and rural power grids, focusing on small towns and welfare-oriented energy policies and to increase the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to about 20 percent by 2030.

China, on one hand, expects to double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency by restructuring the energy industry through the advancement of the IoT, big data and AI and investing in energy management and measurement systems; on the other, part of the plan is to enhance international cooperation encouraging the access to clean energy research and technology and promote investments in the field by increasing the engagement in international cooperations and cooperations with the most important energy organizations worldwide. Also to expand and upgrade the infrastructure for supplying clean and sustainable energy services for developing countries is among the goals.

The SDG 13, dealing with climate, calls for an urgent action by improving hazards resilience and adaptation worldwide. According to the Chinese implementation plan, the country will improve disaster prevention and reduction system and integrate the INDC into national strategies and plans. It also committed to formulate a Work Plan for Greenhouse Gas Emission Control during the 13th Five-Year Plan period, and to improve educational system in such a way that awareness and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation and adaptation are raised. China’s South-South Cooperation Fund on Climate Change will be used to promote effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries, with a major focus on the needs of women, youth and local communities. Finally, China urged developed countries to formulate a road map and timetable for the commitment of mobilizing US$100 billion annually by 2020 in climate finance.

(Image: Beijing Forbidden City. Photo credit: xiquinhosilva/Flickr)